This article contains the verses from Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 5.
Links to remaining chapters can be found at the end of the article.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 5
Both the path of renunciation of action and the path of selfless service, known as sannyasa, have been recommended by you, Lord Krishna. Please make your recommendation with absolute certainty.
One can arrive at the supreme goal either by giving up action or by engaging in action without seeking personal gain. On the other hand, taking action is preferable to giving up your rights.
Those who have achieved complete renunciation are free from any sense of duality; they are unaffected by likes and dislikes, Arjuna, and are free from the bondage of self-will. Those who have achieved complete renunciation are also unaffected by the likes and dislikes of others.
Those who are immature believe that knowledge and action are two separate things, while those who are wise see them as being the same thing. The person who is successful in one way will eventually be able to reap the benefits of both ways.
The purpose of acquiring knowledge and the purpose of providing service are one and the same; individuals who are unable to see this are blind.
Without engaging in some form of service, it is difficult to achieve complete renunciation. But those who are wise and walk the path of selfless service arrive at Brahman in a short amount of time.
Those who walk the path of service, who have completely purified themselves, and who have conquered their senses and self-will, are able to see the Self in all beings, and they are unaffected by the actions they take.
Those individuals whose consciousness is unified and who are aware of this truth constantly think to themselves, “I am not the doer.” When you are eating, moving around, or sleeping; when you are seeing, hearing, touching, or smelling; when you are breathing or speaking, letting go or holding on, even opening or closing the eyes, they understand that these are merely the movements of the senses among the objects that can be sensed.
Those who surrender all of their selfish attachments to Brahman are like the leaf of a lotus, which can float in water while remaining clean and unaffected by the water. Such people are immune to the effects of sin.
Those whose consciousness is unified are able to attain the highest level of peace and release all attachment to the outcomes of their actions. But those whose desires are scattered and who are overly attached to the fruits of their action will find themselves constrained in everything they attempt to accomplish.
Those who are able to renounce attachment in all of their actions are able to live a happy life as the master of the “city of nine gates,” which is the body. They are not moved to take any kind of action, nor do they encourage others to do so.
The Lord of this world is not the source of either the sense of acting itself, the actions themselves, or the connection between cause and effect. These three are products of the natural world.
The Lord is not involved in the righteous or the sinful actions of any individual; judgement is clouded when wisdom is obscured by ignorance.
However, ignorance can be eradicated through knowledge of the Self that exists within. This knowledge is like the sun, shining brightly and illuminating everything, including the ultimate Brahman.
Those who rid themselves of sin by gaining this knowledge, becoming absorbed in the Lord, and establishing themselves in him as their one goal and refuge, do not find themselves reborn as distinct creatures.
Those who have attained this level of wisdom regard everyone with the same level of respect. They see the same Self in a spiritual aspirant as they do in an outcaste; they see the same Self in an elephant as they do in a cow or a dog.
They do not become ecstatic when they have good luck or depressed when they have bad luck. They are free from all forms of delusion because their mind is established in Brahman.
They are not reliant on any outside support, and as a result, they experience the joy of spiritual awareness. They have achieved a state of unending joy thanks to the unification of their consciousness through meditation.
Arjuna, the pleasures that are born in the world of the senses, have a beginning and an end, and they give birth to misery in their wake. Those who are wise do not look to them for their happiness.
However, those who are able to control the urges of lust and anger that are generated in the body are made whole and are able to experience joy in their lives.
They look nowhere else for happiness, and they get all the rest and illumination they need from within themselves. They reach nirvana in the state of Brahman when they are united with the Lord.
Holy sages, having been cleansed of their sins and resolved their conflicts while working for the welfare of all beings, eventually achieve nirvana in Brahman.
Those who walk the path of yoga and become aware of their true selves are able to remain permanently established in the highest state, one that is free from anger and the desires born of one’s own ego.
They closed their eyes, maintained a steady breathing pattern, and concentrated their attention on the core of their spiritual consciousness while doing so.
Those who are wise use meditation to gain mastery over their senses, mind, and intellect. They have only one objective, and that is to realise themselves. They have no need for their own gratification, and they are unafraid and free of hostility.
They reach a state of eternal peace when they realise that I am the companion of all living things, the lord of the entire cosmos, and the culmination of all sacrifices and spiritual practises.